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The Royal Rajasthan
 

Jaisalmer Fort, Jaisalmer

 

Jaisalmer Fort, JaisalmerJaisalmer Fort is the second oldest fort in Rajasthan after the Chittorgarh Fort. It rises spectacularly among the golden sands of Jaisalmer. Situated atop the Trikuta Hill in the midst of the Thar Desert, it is a spectacular sight. Jaisalmer Fort was constructed by Raja Jaisal in 1156 AD when he was searching for a site for his new capital.


The Fort is made of yellow stone and its name Sonar Kila or Golden Fort from the same. Standing at a height of 250 feet, it is reinforced by a sandstone wall thirty feet high. It has 99 bastions; a majority of these were used as gun platforms. The view from these bastions is spectacular to say the least. The fort has three layers of walls that were a part of an elaborate defense system.


In the earlier times, all residents of Jaisalmer lived within the ramparts of the fort itself. With time, the town has grown beyond the fort but the fort is still the main attraction of Jaisalmer. The Jaisalmer Fort is battle-scarred. It was attacked by Ala-ud-din Khilji and captured in the 13th century. He held the fort and its people captive for nine years. It was during this siege of the fort that Rajput women committed Jauhar. The second battle at was in 1541, when the Mughal Emperor Humayun attacked the fort city. These include the Raj Mahal or the Royal Palace, several Jain temples, Laxminath temple and four massive gateways.


Jaisalmer Fort stands testimony to the royal history of Rajasthan.

 
 

 

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