The famous Jantar Mantar is one of the five astronomical observatories built by Maharaja Jai Singh II who had a keen interest in astronomy and other sciences. This UNESCO World Heritage site houses a wonderful collection of nineteen architectural astronomical instruments.
Jantar Mantar was built from 1727 to 1733 by the Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh II. During 1735, the king employed over 23 Astronomers for creating these historical masterpieces. However, due to political atmosphere, Jai Singh's main observatory was shifted from Jaipur to Delhi and was known as Jai Singh's central observatory until his death in 1743.
The name Jantar Mantar is a corruption of the Sanskrit words Yantra and Mantra and literally means ‘the chanting devices’. There are fourteen devices that are used to measure the movement of heavenly bodies. These devices have captivated the interest of architects, artists and art historians due to their uniqueness and accuracy.
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