Bharatpur belongs to 5th century BC when the Matsya kingdom bloomed here. In 18th century, Maharaja Suraj Mal defeated Khemkaran and laid the foundation of Bharatpur. The king expanded his kingdom here and added numerous historic wonders like the Pleasure Palace Complex at Deeg. Bharatpur is extremely popular for housing the most enthralling bird watching destination in India, Keoladeo Ghana National Park. This park is a dream destination of bird watchers and makes everyone fall in love with the nature sprawling here.
Bharatpur in Rajasthan is home to the Keoladeo Ghana National Park, also popularly called the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. The name Keoladeo comes from a temple inside the sanctuary dedicated to Lord Shiva. Ghana means dense, i.e. dense forest. The park is a delight for bird watchers and ornithologists, with 380 resident and migrant species of birds, including the common Demoiselle and the rare Siberian Cranes that migrate to this place each winter. Even animals like Golden Jackal, Jungle Cat, Striped Hyena, Sambar, Fishing Cat, Nilgai, Blackbuck and wild Boar make their home here.
The migratory birds coming to Keoladeo also include Cranes, Hawks, Pelicans, Geese, Shanks, Ducks, Eagles, Warblers, Stints, Wagtails, Buntings, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Larks and Pipits. Keoladeo is marshy, therefore is an excellent breeding ground for all these birds. Apart from birds, even pythons can be seen here basking in the sun.
The Keoladeo sanctuary is quite small and can be explored on foot, by cycle, on a rickshaw or even through a jeep safari. Early morning and evening are rewarding times to see the birds and animals.
Bharatpur Palace takes you back into history when the royals used to reside here. The palace has Mughal and Rajput styles of architecture along with remarkably patterned flooring and decorated walls. The palace also houses Kamra Khas, a museum with 581 stone sculptures, 861 local art and craft wares.
Lohagarh Fort is among the strongest forts of Rajasthan. It was built in 18th century by Jat ruler Maharaja Suraj Mal. The fort looks impressive with fortified walls which still stand high with pride. There is also a museum inside the fort premises where you can know about the war belongings and other ancient artifacts.
This temple was constructed during the Mughal rule inside the premises of the Lohagarh Fort. It is dedicated to Lord Krishna and displays several idols observing his power and virtue. The temple has a pleasant ambience that lets you delve into spirituality and serenity.
This museum is located inside the Lohargarh fort. It underlines the culture of the region and displays some fascinating artifacts belonging to art, history, and traditions of Bharatpur. Some of the most popular exhibits of the museum are stone sculptures, inscriptions, terracotta items, metallic objects, coins, weapons, miniature paintings, etc.
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